Today is World Oceans Day 2021.
Oceans are a big part of Malaysia’s allure and play a integral role in the everyday life of people globally.
Oceans, actually play an important role in ensuring enough oxygen is available for us to survive.
Scientists estimate that 50-80% of the oxygen production on Earth comes from the ocean. The vast sum of this production is from plankton.
Prochlorococcus, which is the tiniest photosynthetic organism on Earth, produces up to 20% of the oxygen in our entire biosphere, which is more than all of the tropical rainforests on land combined.
So the World Oceans Day gives all countries and governments a great venue to advocate just how impactful oceans are to all of us.
According to NDTV, here are 10 interesting facts on oceans:
- Over 3 billion people rely on the ocean for their livelihood.
- The ocean contains 50-80% of all life on Earth.
- Only 1% of the ocean is legally protected.
- Harmful algae blooms are increasing; they can kill massive amounts of fish and contaminate seafood with toxins.
- Oceans help in reducing climate change by storing large amounts of carbon dioxide. But increasing levels of dissolved carbon are making the seawater more acidic.
- The sea is home to the world’s largest living structure – the Great Barrier Reef. It is 2,600 km long and can seen from the Moon.
- We have only explored about 5% of the world’s oceans, leaving much to be discovered.
- According to World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), there are currently at least 236,878 named marine species.
- 90% of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans.
- About 70% of the oxygen we breathe is produced by the oceans.